How to build a house
Building a house can be an exhausting process for all involved, but the end result is a home that suits your exact needs. Of course to achieve this, you have to know exactly what you want. Whether you are building a house on your own or have hired a builder, there are some important decisions that are best made before the foundation is even poured.
When building a house, the location is the first thing to be selected. If you are seeking to build a house on your own and are planning to finance the cost of construction, most lenders require the lot to be owned outright before lending money to build. However, if you are hiring a builder, they typically will have arranged financing that covers the lot and the home. If the lot does not have electric and a water supply ran to it, you need to address this early on. Either way, the next step in building a house after selecting a suitable location is choosing a design.
Builders have specified blueprints of the houses they build and a list of options that can be added or omitted for customization. If you are on your own, you can hire an architect to design your home or purchase blueprints from other sources, or if you are particularly educated, you can design your own blueprints. Once youíve chosen the design of your home the foundation can be dug and poured.
The foundation can be a concrete slab, a basement, or a slab with a crawl space. Once the foundation is set, the floor is framed in followed by the walls and trusses. A house is framed and then the roof and exterior walls are sheeted in to create a dry environment inside. At this point, you should have already decided what shingles to use on the roof and what the exterior walls will be Ė brick, siding, or a combination. You should have also chosen your windows and exterior doors.
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Once the house is sheeted in, the mechanics are ready to be installed. Plumbing, heating and air conditioning, electric, etc. should be installed before the interior walls are being sheeted. Decide how many electrical outlets, phone jacks, and cable outlets you want and where you want to put them. While the mechanics are being installed, drywall can be put up inside. It is important that the drywall is not only installed properly, but finished correctly as well. Poorly installed and finished drywall will become very evident when itís time for paint and finish trim.
At this point in the process, a house begins to really come together. Cosmetic decisions to be made include flooring, cabinetry, hardware, light fixtures, etc. To prevent yourself from becoming overwhelmed with decisions, select neutral paint because it is the easiest facet of an interior to change later. Avoid selecting carpet and flooring in colors and styles that will outlive its appeal. If you are unsure what to put in a particular room, choose neutral colors.
Flooring and finish trim are the last installations in new home construction. As these final steps are coming together, you can begin to appreciate your patience and effort during the home building process. You can then look forward to moving into and enjoying your home for years to come.